Il verbo inglese ha tre forme:
-INFINITO ---> TO WORK, TO GO DALLA CUI FORMA
BASE (WORK, GO) DERIVANO PRESENTE, FUTURO, IMPERATIVO, GERUNDIO.
-PASSATO ---> WORKED, WENT DA CUI SI
FORMA IL PASSATO REMOTO.
-PARTICIPIO PASSATO ---> WORKED,
GONE DA CUI SI FORMANO I TEMPI
REGOLARI I VERBI CHE FORMANO IL PASSATO E IL PARTICIPIO PASSATO AGGIUNGENDO -ED
ALLA FORMA BASE DELL'INFINITO (SENZA TO): LOVE -- LOVED, CORRECT -
CORRECTED ; SONO IRREGOLARI GLI ALTRI .
N.B. NELL'AGGIUNGERE LA DESINENZA -ED, SI
SEGUONO ALCUNE NORME ORTOGRAFICHE:
TERMINA IN -E, QUESTA CADE : TO
USE, USED, USED.
L'INFINITO TERMINA IN -Y PRECEDUTA DA CONSONANTE, LA «Y»SI TRASFORMA IN «I»: TO STUDY STUDIED, STUDIED MA:
TO PLAY, PLAYED, PLAYED
3. SE L'INFINITO
TERMINA CON UNA CONSONANTE PRECEDUTA DA UNA SOLA VOCALE ED MONOSILLABICO, LA CONSONANTE SI RADDOPPIA:
TO STOP, STOPPED, STOPPED.............
TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS
-Some verbs in English are transitive - they are
followed by an object.
e.g. He bought a dictionary.Look out for like and want don't say `Yes, I want.' or `Yes, I like.'
-Some verbs are intransitive - they are not followed by an object.
e.g. Peter laughed.
-Some verbs can be transitive or
intransitive in different situations.
e.g. John stopped a taxi. The taxi stopped.
A good dictionary will tell you if
a verb is intransitive or transitive or both.
e.g. buy [ T ] laugh [ I ] stop [ I; T ]
Remember that an intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object but
it can be followed by other words
e.g. Peter laughed when he saw my hat.
ABITUALE E PROGRESSIVA DEI VERBI
LA FORMA ABITUALE SI ESPRIME
COL PRESENTE SEMPLICE;
l'AZIONE CHE SI
STA SVOLGENDO NEL MOMENTO IN CUI SI PARLA SI ESPRIME COL PRESENTE
LA FORMA ABITUALE E LA FORMA PROGRESSIVA ESISTONO IN INGLESE
PER TUTTI I TEMPI.
N.B. NON AMMETTONO GENERALMENTE LA FORMA PROGRESSIVA
I VERBI CHE
1. PERCEZIONI FISICHE E SENTIMENTI
TO HEAR = udire O SEE = vedere
TO LIKE = piacere TO HATE = odiare TO LOVE = amare
TO KNOW = sapere TO
THINK = pensare TO
BELIEVE = credere
3. STATO: TO BE = essere TO
SEEM = sembrare
Some verbs are made from more than one word:
e.g. She looked up 'chock-a-block' in her dictionary.
In this sentence up does not have its normal meaning; it ispart of the verblook.Some
multiword verbs are transitive and some are intransitive. If the multiword verb is transitive you need to know where to put
the object when the object is a pronoun like it or them. Look
at the position of the object pronoun in the following examples:
She lookedit up in her dictionary. not She looked up it.
after them. not He looked them
A good dictionary will give an example to tell you which kind of
transitive multiword verb it is.
e.g. look >something up >look after something or somebody
If you would
like to know more about these verbs, look them up in a good grammar book under phrasal and prepositional verbs.
COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Some nouns in English are uncountable. This
means that they have no plural, two moneys or terrible
weathers.It also means they are not used
with the indefinite article a/an.
e.g. You cannot say a money or a weather.
Compare the following:
Did he ask many questions? Is there any news?
I want to get a dictionary. We're having
I'd like an apple/some apples. I'd
like some butter.
She wanted an answer. She wanted some information.
I'm going to have a good time. I'm going to have some fun.
Have you got a five-pound note? Did he have much money?
A good dictionary will tell you if
a noun is uncountable. Some dictionaries
use nu for uncountable nouns and nc for countable
e.g. money [U], weather [U] apple [C],dictionary