What about geographical coordinates? Any doubts?
Let's start from the British Flag!!
Royal Standard (Stendardo reale) è la bandiera ufficiale della Regina
Elisabetta II nella sua funzione di sovrana del Regno Unito e dei vari altri
regni del Commonwealth. Alcune nazioni hanno propri Royal Standard. Lo Standard
generalmente consiste nello stemma della nazione. Fuori del Regno Unito sopra
lo stemma è presente un disco blu contenente la lettera 'E' (di 'Elisabetta')
incoronata e cerchiata da una corona di rose dorate.
Nel protocollo delle bandiere, il Royal Standard è la suprema. Essa deve
sventolare sugli edifici dove è presente la Regina. Viene messa sopra la Union
Flag, gli stendardi degli altri membri della Famiglia Reale, e le altre
bandiere britanniche. Non sventola mai a mezz'asta
Flag o Union Jack?
La bandiera è colloquialmente e
diffusamente chiamata Union Jack, ma ciò non è scevro di dibattiti. In lingua
inglese jack infatti significa bompresso
per alcuni deve essere usata questa espressione quando la bandiera è usata come
tale). Per altri potrebbe essere derivato dal nome latino
di Giacomo VI, re al momento dell'unione delle
corone di Scozia ed Inghilterra, ovvero Jacobus. L'espressione union
jack infatti pare risalire ai primi anni del 1700.
Jack ha però numerosi altri significati, tra cui "marinaio",
"mozzo", "villano" o semplicemente "amico", cosa
che porterebbe ad altre tesi circa l'origine.
Dovunque derivi, attualmente ha
assunto rilievo nei costumi della società britannica, avendo ottenuto anche
riconoscimenti ufficiali: la BBC per esempio, non accetta l'espressione union flag.
d'altro canto, proprio questa forma è preferita nei documenti vessillogisti.
Shipping Act 1995 si riferisce alla bandiera del Regno Unito
come the Union flag (commonly known as the Union Jack).
La Union Jack o Union Flag, è la bandiera
Nazionale del Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna,
costituita dagli emblemi di tre stati, sotto una unica
monarchia: Inghilterra,Scozia e Irlanda del Nord
La bandiera è composta da:
la croce di San Giorgio, bandiera
la croce di Sant'Andrea, bandiera della Scozia,
e la croce di San Patrizio, bandiera dell'Irlanda.
Le croci portano il nome del santo patrono di ogni singola
nazione: San Giorgio, patrono dell'Inghilterra,
Sant'Andrea,patrono della Scozia e San Patrizio, patrono dell'Irlanda.
La bandiera fu creata nel 1606 quando Re Giacomo VI di Scozia
divenne re d'Inghilterra con il nome di
Giacomo I.Allora il Galles faceva
già parte del Regno d'Inghilterra e per questo motivo il dragone Gallese
appare nella Union Jack.
La prima bandiera
dell'unione consisteva nella
sovrapposizione della croce rossa d'Inghilterra
bianca di Scozia sullo sfondo blu della bandiera
Con l'unione dell'Irlanda
e della Gran Bretagna fu
necessario includere la croce di
San Patrizio nella bandiera
già esistente, arrivando alla bandiera attuale.Quando
l'Irlanda ottenne l'indipendenza nel 1921, la Union Jack non
An example of the Welsh Red
Dragon incorporated into the Union Flag.
in details the history of the Union Flag' s birth.
A flag containing three other flags.
The Union Flag - the flag of the United
The Union Flag, popularly known as the Union Jack, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. It is the British
It is called the Union Flag because it symbolises the
administrative union of the countries of the United Kingdom. It is
made up up of the individual Flags of three of the
Kingdom's countries all united under one Sovereign - the countries of
'England,of 'Scotland' and of
'Northern Ireland' (since 1921 only Northern Ireland has been
part of the United
Kingdom). AsWales was not a Kingdom but a Principality it
could not be included on the flag.
The National Flag of England
In 1194 A.D., Richard I of England introduced the Cross of St.
George, a red cross on a white ground, as the National
Flag of England.
At this point in the story on the United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales
and Ireland were separate countries. However, this was soon to change....
In 1536, under Henry VIII , an
Act of Union was passed making Wales, in effect a province of England.
|The National Flag of Scotland|
(a diagonal white cross form (called a
saltire) on a blue field)
After Queen Elizabeth
I of England died in 1603, King James VI of Scotland inherited the English
throne and became
King James I of
It was a Union of the Crowns, but not yet of the nations. Each country
still kept their own parliaments.
Early in his reign James attempted to combine
England and Scotland in a united kingdom of 'Great Britain'. This was
policy he presentedto his first Parliament, called on 22 March 1604. The union
James defied them. On 20 October 1604 he proclaimed a new title
for himself as 'King of Great Britain'.
A problem arose, which flag should be hoisted on the king's ships.
English sailors resented the Scottish colours
the Scots scorned the cross of St. George .
making of the Union Flag
On 12 April 1606, the National Flags of Scotland
and England were united for use at sea, thus making the first Union
'Jack'.Ashore however, the old flags of England and Scotland continued to be used by
their respective countries.
A royal decree declared that the ships of the Kingdom of Great
Britain "shall bear on their maintops the red cross,
commonly called St.
George's cross, and the white cross, commonly called St. Andrew's
The first Union Flag
When the red cross of England was put onto the flag of Scotland, a
white border was added around the red cross for
reasons of heraldry.(The rules
of heraldry demanded that two colours must never touch each other.)
On 28th July, 1707, during the reign of Queen Anne, this
flag was by royal proclamation made the National
flag of Great Britain,for use
ashore and afloat.
The Act of Union of 1707, joined England and Scotland
together, creating a single kingdom with a single Parliament
called 'United Kingdom of Great Britain'.
England Wales and Scotland were now united together under one
monarch and one parliament.
The Royal Navy christened the British flag " The Union".
Interesting Fact: When the 'Union Flag' was
first introduced, in 1606, it was known simply as 'the British flag' or 'the
flag of Britain'.
(a diagonal red cross on a white background.)
On 1 January 1801, Ireland was united with Great Britain and it became
necessary to have a new National Flag in
which Irelandwas represented. The
cross St Patrick was combined with the Union Flag of St George and St Andrew,
create the Union Flag that has been flown ever since.
The cross of St. Patrick was inserted so the position given to St. Andrew's
Cross in one quarter was the same
as that given to the Irish one in the
diagonally opposite quarter; in heraldry this is known as "counterchanging"
The Union Flag with the St. George's Cross
removed showing how the saltires (diagonal crosses)
The 'new' British flag is not symmetrical because of the counterchange.
As Scotland joined the Union nearly two hundred years before Ireland, St
Andrew's Cross was placed uppermost in
the top quarter nearest the flagstaff,
this being the most honourable position according to heraldry, while the Irish
Cross was given the second most honourable position, the top quarter of the
In order to avoid having the red of the Irish Cross directly upon the blue
field of the Scottish one an edging of the white
field of the Irish Cross is
The symbols of Scotland and Ireland are placed side by side on the
England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland were now all joined together
and called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The name was later
changed to United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland when the greater
part of Ireland left the United Kingdom in 1921.
NB. The St. Patrick's Cross remains in the flag even though
today only Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.
steps in the achievement of the Union Flag ....
The formation of the Union Flag (Union Jack) came about as the result of the
progressive merging of the
inhabitants of the British Isles under one
1603 - King James VI of Scotland inherited the English
throne and became king James I of
1606 - the National Flags of Scotland and England were
united for use at sea, thus making the first Union Flag
The first Union Flag
1707 - during the reign of Queen Anne, the first Union Flag
was by royal proclamation made the National flag of
Great Britain,for use
ashore and afloat.
1801 - Ireland was united with Great Britain and the present Union Flag was
The Welsh dragon does not appear on the flag because when the first Union
Flag was created in 1606, Wales
was already united with England from the 13th
century. This meant that Wales a Principality instead
of a Kingdom and as such
could not be included.
In 1536, under Henry VIII, the Act of Union joined England and Wales
Wales has never been conquered (forcibly
take control and possession of a foreign land) not by the Romans and certainly
not the English or anyone. Partial invasion took place but possession was never
fulfilled because of the geography and terrain allowed the native population an
ideal base to operate a very effective resistance. There was always a ’Free
Wales’ in some part of the Principality. A good reference for this is ’Land of
my Fathers’ by Gwynfor Evans.
In November 2007, a Welsh MP, Ian Lucas, asked parliament why Wales is not
represented in the Union Jack.
What would the flag look like? Below you can see Ian Lucas' version of the Union flag with Wales
The Future of the
At the moment, the countries representing the UK, are still
united under one flag.
How long this will be so, no one knows. Even now, each of
the countries which form the
United Kingdom, is fighting for its own
For the first time since 1707, the Scots now have their own
Parliament in Edinburgh,
and the Welsh their own national assembly in Cardiff.
As a result, the Scottish saltire
and the red dragon of Wales are much more in
In 1997, British Airways decided to scrub the
Union Flag off the tails of its airliners and replace it with pictures
of jackals from Africa and other ethnic designs. Its chief executive, Bob Ayling,
said that the airline was no
longer a British company with global operations,
but a global company that happened to be headquartered in
Britain: “We are proud
to have been born and raised in Britain,” he explained. “But we want to show
modern, not imperial...We still have our Beefeaters, but we now lead the
world in restaurants and in fashion.”
2003, a campaign was launched to try and modernise the red,
white and blue flag by adding a touch of
black to reflect multicultural Britain
in the 21st Century. The proposed new flag (see right) was the work of
Turner, an enthusiastic fan of the UK's transformation into a multiracial
society over the past 50 years.
The campaign was NOT successful.
In 2007 more teenagers see themselves as English,
Scottish or Welsh rather than
carried out by the Daily Telegraph in 2007 found that fewer than one
third of today's teenagers instinctively
think of themselves as British
rather than English, Scottish or Welsh. But, pressed to say whether
think of themselves as British, the great majority say yes. Only 10
per cent of the teenage sample, many of
them Scots, reject a British identity
Most people want the United Kingdom broken
An ICM poll published by the Daily Mail in 2007 suggested that
majorities of voters in both Scotland and
England now want the countries to
Will the Union flag be replaced by four separate flags or
will all the flags and the Union Jack, be
replaced by something
else? Only time will tell
How to fly the Union Flag correctly
How can you tell if it
is upside down?
Please don't fly the Union flag upside down!
The broader (wider) diagonal white stripe should be at the top
left hand side of the flag nearest the flagpole.
The UK flag is NOT symmetrical! Look at the white
On the side next to the flagpole, (the hoist side), the
thick white band is above the red band on both
diagonals, the white band being
part of the cross of St Andrew, the Scottish flag and the red band being part
the cross of St Patrick, the Irish flag.
The Union Flag with the St. George's Cross
showing how the saltires (diagonal crosses) are
The cross of St Andrew is above that of St Patrick at the hoist
because the cross was added to the flag
before St Patrick's cross, therefore the
cross of St Andrew is entitled to the higher position
On the side that flutters free, the fly
side, this is reversed, with the Irish flag being above the Scottish flag.
This flag is upside down because
the narrow white bands are on top.
To deliberately fly the flag upside down is a signal
indicating a situation of 'DISTRESS'. It is also
"lese Majeste" (which
means: insulting the Crown), and is theoretically still a crime in the UK and
Geoff Charnley sent us a photograph of the Union
Flag flying upside down at the monument to Louis Bleriot in
David Webb spotted the Union flag
upside down on Channel 4 television.
Steve Lorraine spotted the
following upside down Union flag
Lord Mandelson and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao
signing an agreement.
FINALLY: Questions sent in by visitors
It is not half way up the flag pole, as you might have expected,
but the height of the flag from the top of the
pole.The practice of half-masting a flag arose to serve cases of the
death of a sailor on the ship. The flag was
half-masted to inform other vessels
that the crew were mourning their shipmate, and hence a polite request
not be disturbed.
After the committal, the flag was raised to full staff, to
indicate that the mourning period was ended.
The Union Flag is flown on government buildings on days
- the birthdays of members of the Royal family,
- Commonwealth Day,
- Coronation Day,
- The Queen's official birthday,
- Remembrance Day
- on the days of the State Opening and prorogation of Parliament.
It is also flown on St David's Day (Wales), St
George's Day (England), St Andrew's Day (Scotland), and St
All of that from: www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/geography/unionjack.html
KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND
Physical and political Great Britain- Administrative England.
Copyright(c) 2007 MT Tutti i diritti riservati.